Unaccompanied Refugee Minor Program (URM): The United States Refugee Program includes specialized resettlement and foster care services for unaccompanied refugee minors. These services are provided by two national voluntary agencies: Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service (LIRS) and the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops/Migration and Refugee Services (USCCB/MRS). These agencies have been authorized by the U.S. Department of State to resettle unaccompanied refugee youth for more than 25 years. LIRS and USCCB/MRS work through a network of local affiliates (licensed child welfare agencies) to provide appropriate support services. Services provided   include, but is not limited to: indirect financial support for housing, food, clothing, and other necessities; medical care; mental and emotional health services; intensive case management; independent living skills training; education/ELL; academic tutoring; job skills training and career counseling; family tracing; group recreational activities; special education services; legal assistance; and other services, as needed. Minors are encouraged to maintain their cultural identity. They have access to ethnic role models, important cultural events, peer groups from their own culture, and the practice of their spirituality. Services that Support Emancipation: Many refugee youth can and do benefit from remaining in foster care until the age of 21. If URMs are resettled when they are in their late teens, they often remain in high school until age 19 or, in some cases, until they are 20. These extra years in the foster care program enable them to continue to work on educational progress and Independent Living skills. Since these refugee youth often do not have a biological family to rely on as a support system after emancipation, it is important to encourage the maintenance of a relationship between former foster parent(s) and the emancipating youth. In addition, program staff assess the refugee youth’s ability to comprehend and navigate the various social systems, in order to ease their emancipation, and provide training in additional life skills, as needed. Youth are offered the opportunity to participate in quarterly group recreational activities and independent living skills training. Examples of past activities include bowling, theater plays, sports outings, camping trips, etc. We offer presentations on the following subjects to enhance/build Independent living skills: money management; food and nutrition; health and hygiene; dating and intimacy; and other topics.