This chapter from /A Long Way to Go: Irregular Migration Patterns, Processes, Drivers and Decision-making/, highlights the complexity of the irregular migration of unaccompanied minors and the danger of oversimplifying its root causes. The study shows that some youth actively participate in the decision-making process to leave their country of origin and in the choice of destination country. For many, their decision to leave was prompted by discrimination, persecution, threat to their lives, or torture.