A Shady Tree: Hope for Vulnerable Refugees in Malaysia and Thailand. Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service (LIRS), United States Conference of Catholic Bishops/Migration and Refugee Services (USCCB/MRS) 20 page s . 2005. English . http://www.brycs.org/documents/upload/AShadyTree.pdf
Between February 9 and 20, 2005, a delegation from Lutheran Immigration and Refugee Service (LIRS) and Migration and Refugee Services of the U.S. Conference of Catholic Bishops (MRS/USCCB) visited Malaysia and Thailand. The trip aimed to look at the situation of the refugees in each country, most of whom are Burmese, with a particular focus on the unaccompanied refugee minors (URMs) among them.
Assessing the Mental Health of Karen and Bhutanese Refugee Families in the Child Welfare System. Shannon, Patricia , Wieling, Elizabeth , Ogasawara, Tomoko 1 page . 2010. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.
This research summary includes background information, methods used, trauma and symptoms, family responses, and reccomendations.
Bamboo People. Perkins, Mitali 272 page s . 2010. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.
This book is a coming-of-age novel taking place against the political and military backdrop of modern-day Burma. Narrated by two fifteen-year-old boys on opposing sides of the conflict between the Burmese government and the Karenni, one of the many ethnic minorities in Burma, Bamboo People explores the nature of violence, power, and prejudice. The site includes a discussion guide. Grade Level: 6 and up (Description from source)
This Web site offers a variety of multilingual resources on Burma including country and cultural profiles, phrase books, dictionaries, and additional study aids and links to more Web sites to help with learning Burmese.
Cetana's Publications Project was created to produce multilingual dictionaries and books. In addition to the dominant Myarmar language, the country's approximately 135 ethnic groups speak many other languages. Many have since been printed and circulated to the refugee camps on the Thailand border and to refugee settled in the United States. Trilingual dictionaries are available in the following languages: Karen (2005), Kachin (2006), Shan and Chin (2008).
Child Report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child. State Law and Order Restoration Council (SLORC) 47 page s . 1995. English . http://www.burmalibrary.org/reg.burma/archives/199701/msg00201.html
This resource is Burma's State Law and Restoration Council's (SLORC) initial report to the Committee on the Rights of the Child. This report includes sections on Myanmar's child rearing practices, parental responsibilities, and more.
Children's Opportunity to Learn in the Ethnic Nationality Areas in Burma. Lwin, Thein . April 2001. English . http://www.burmalibrary.org/docs/Children's_Opportunity_to_Learn.htm
This paper is based on the findings of the local education workshops on the topics of a child's opportunity to learn, curriculum, the teaching of mother tongue at school, teaching methodology and teacher education.
Considerations for Individuals and Agencies Working with the Karen People of Burma in the United States. Karen American Communities Foundation 4 page s . December 2009. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.
This article discusses the importance of appropriate translators, the difference between Karen and Burmese people, and tips on how to work effectively with these newcomers.
Despite Promises: Child Soldiers in Burma's SPDC Armed Forces. Human Rights Education Institute of Burma (HREIB) 44 page s . September 2008. English . http://equalitymyanmar.org/book/archives/2564
A research study reviewing current trends and developments regarding the use and recruitment of child soldiers in Burma.
This is a small independent community based organization dedicated to promoting education and preserving the cultures of the peoples of Burma. They have many bilingual materials on agriculture, art, general reading, health, and math. Resources are available for all ages and include children's books, dictionaries, and teaching aids. Most of these resources are in Karen and Burmese and some are in English.
Education in Burma: Hope for the Future. Lwin, Thein 9 page s . 2006. English . http://www.thinkingclassroom.org/uploads/4/3/9/0/43900311/7._education_in_burma_hope_for_the_future_2006.pdf
This paper explores the educational situation in Burma and educational activities outside Burma based on the exiled author's work.
Elevated Blood Lead Levels among Children in Refugee Camps. Thomas, Abigail 47 page s . June 2009. English . http://www.brycs.org/documents/upload/CDC-Report-Burmese-Lead-Levels.pdf
In 2008, the CDC found that 13% of resettled Burmese refugee children had an elevated blood lead level. This report publishes the CDC findings on further research conducted in various camps where Burmese children are living, including their estimate of the prevalence of this problem in the camps, the potential sources of lead exposure, and recommendations to address this problem.
An extensive English to Karen dictionary. The Drum Publishing Group also has a Karen to English version.
Forced to Flee: Visual Stories by Refugee Youth from Burma. Berg, Erika 183 page s . March 2015. English . http://burmavisionsforpeace.org/
This book aims to increase awareness of and mobilize support for those who have been forced to flee violent conflict and persecution in Burma, also known as Myanmar. Collectively, over 1,200 youth participated in the visual storytelling workshops.
Recommended for ages 10 and up.
Growing Up Under the Burmese Dictatorship. Grumiau, Samuel 30 page s . 2003. English . http://business-humanrights.org/en/growing-up-under-the-burmese-dictatorship-the-situation-facing-children-after-41-years-of-military-rule-in-burma
This report describes the situation facing children after 41 years of military rule in Burma. Topics include historical background, education, child labor, and health of children in Burma, Thailand, and Bangledesh.
Invisible Newcomers: Refugees from Burma/Myanmar and Bhutan in the United States. Association for Asianm American Studies (AAAS) 40 page s . 2014. English . http://apiasf.org/research/APIASF_Burma_Bhutan_Report.pdf
This report paints a historical and demographic portrait of
the Burmese and Bhutanese experience in the United States
and gives voice to one Southeast Asian refugee community
and one South Asian refugee community who are largely
invisible in the current national discourse on Asian
American socioeconomic outcomes. National data show
that Bhutanese and Burmese constitute a large proportion
of refugees to the United States in recent years. Refugee
experiences in this study are based on existing statistical
data, interviews with 10 refugees working in different
capacities, and a review of existing studies and reports1
Lastly, we would like to add an important note that in
portions of the statistical data (specifically from the Current
Population Survey), the Bhutanese population is placed into
the "all others" category and cannot be disaggregated. Thus,
interviews and other sources of information are used to
help tell the Bhutanese narrative. (Description from source)
Karenni Refugees in Mae Hong Son, Thailand. Morrissey, Daryl, , Cultural Orientation Resource Center (COR) 5 page s . 2009. English . http://www.culturalorientation.net/layout/set/print/content/download/1480/8659/version/1/file/CO+Provided+to+Karenni+Refugees.pdf
This overview provides insight into the cultural orientation that most Karenni refugees receive before traveling to the U.S. This group of refugees started coming to the U.S. in early 2009, and CAL estimates that 7,000 additional Karenni will be resettled in this country by the end of September.
Klee Thoo, a Karen Father. Bridging Refugee Youth and Children's Services (BRYCS) 5 page s . January 2007. English . http://www.brycs.org/documents/upload/Karen_interview.pdf
On January 16, 2007, Klee Thoo met with BRYCS staff to talk about his life and experiences as a Karen refugee from Burma, now raising a family with his wife in the United States.
Little Daughter: A Memoir of Survival in Burma and the West. Phan, Zoya , Lewis, Damien 334 page s . 2009. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.
This is the true story of an ethnic Karen girl named Zoya Phan. At 14 years old, Zoya's childhood was shattered as the Burmese army attacked and her family fled to Thailand where they spent years in a refugee camp. As a gifted student, Zoya eventually left the camp to attend college on a scholarship and in 2004 she fled to the UK and claimed asylum. Today, she works for the human rights organization Burma Campaign UK.
Living in Limbo: Burma's youth in Thailand see few opportunities to use education and vocational skills. Women's Commission for Refugee Women and Children 8 page s . May 2008. English . http://www.reliefweb.int/rw/rwb.nsf/db900SID/MYAI-7LFAJG?OpenDocument
This report describes a trip to the Thailand-Burma border by The Women's Commission for Refugee Women and Children as a part of their Displaced Youth Initiative. This report discusses the education and job training opportunities available to Burmese youth living in refugee camps in Thailand and provides information that may be useful to teachers and service providers working with resettled Burmese youth in the U.S.
My Gun Was as Tall as Me. Human Rights Watch 226 page s . October 2002. English . http://www.hrw.org/reports/2002/burma/Burma0902.pdf
This book covers in depth the issue of child soldiers in Burma. Topics include conditions leading to recruitment, training, deployment and active duty, psychological affects, life after the army, detailed profiles of opposition forces, legal standards, and recommendations.
Needs Assessment of Refugee Communities from Bhutan and Burma. The Intergenerational Center at Temple University 34 page s . May 2011. English . http://www.searac.org/sites/default/files/2011_NeedsAssessReport_FINAL.pdf
This needs assessment is intended to help improve initial resettlement experiences and access to services for new refugees, and to help support community building and leadership development within these new refugee communities.
A searchable database of over 11,000 full-text documents on Burma.
Persecution of Chin Christians in Burma. Mang, Salai Bawi Lian 16 page s . 2009. English . http://www.chro.ca/index.php/resources/religious-freedom/363-persecution-of-chin-christians-in-burma-international-conference-on-persecuted-churches
This PowerPoint presentation highlights the struggles of the Chin, one of the refugee groups from Burma being resettled by the U.S. Unlike some of the other groups fleeing Burma, religious persecution is a major concern for the Chin Christians, who have seen their crosses destroyed, Bibles confiscated, and reverends murdered. Service providers working with the Chin in the U.S. may find the background information in this Power Point useful.
Promoting Cultural Sensitivity: A Practical Guide for Tuberculosis Programs that Provide Services to Persons from Burma. Shrestha-Kuwahara, Robin , Jansky, Liz , Huang, Jennifer 67 page s . January 2012. English . http://www.cdc.gov/tb/publications/guidestoolkits/EthnographicGuides/Burma/default.htm
This resource may also be useful to all types of service providers working with Karen families, not just tuberculosis programs. Chapter 2 provides an overview of Karen culture and includes topics such as social structure, family, and gender; education and literacy; health beliefs; naming conventions; role changes; and more. Appendix E also provides a list of Karen phrases as well as a picture glossary.
Refugee Families from Burma. Bridging Refugee Youth and Children's Services (BRYCS) , National Center on Cultural and Linguistic Responsiveness (NCCLR) 4 page s . 2013. English . http://www.brycs.org/documents/upload/burmese-cultural-backgrounder.pdf
This cultural backgrounder focused on early childhood provides general cultural information, while recognizing that every family is unique and that cultural practices will vary by household and by generation.
Refugee Wellness Country Guide: Burma. The National Partnership of Community Training (NPCT) 2 page s . 2016. English . https://gulfcoastjewishfamilyandcommunityservices.org/refugee/files/2011/04/Burma_FINAL.pdf
This guide provides historical background, practical insights, and everyday applications for resettlement workers, mental health providers, and physicians. It can also be utilized as an outreach or educational tool for those community partners working with individuals resettled from Burma.
Refugees from Burma in Thailand and Malaysia. Cultural Orientation Resource Center (COR) 3 page s . 2007. English . http://www.culturalorientation.net/learning/populations/burmese
This article includes a description of the 'family day' part of the curriculum, when parents and children are brought together to discuss the changes they will experience in family roles, methods of child discipline, and maintaining the valuable aspects of their own culture. The article also includes information on their new parenting program for parents of young children in their daycare center. Be sure to check out the slideshow, which has pictures of the Burmese in their Cultural Orientation classes, including children singing 'Head, Shoulders, Knees, and Toes.'
Refugees from Burma: Their Backgrounds and Refugee Experiences. Cultural Orientation Resource Center (COR) 88 page s . June 2007. English . http://www.culturalorientation.net/content/download/1338/7825/version/2/file/refugeesfromburma.pdf
"This resources is a cultural profile from the Cultural Orientation Resource Center (COR) and provides information about the diverse histories, cultures, and refugee experiences of the Burmese, Karen, and the Chin. Designed as a resource for refugee service providers and others who interact with the Burmese, the profile also addresses the early experiences of the Burmese already resettled in the U.S." - Publisher's description reprinted with permission
Resettlement and the Rohinga. The International Rescue Committee (IRC) 3 page s . 2010. English . http://www.culturalorientation.net/learning/populations/burmese/resettlement-and-rohingya-irc
This document specifically compares the situations of the urban Rohingya in Malaysia and the camp-based Rohingya in Bangladesh, and provides U.S. resettlement implications, regarding daily life, language, religion, women/girls, family, employment, housing, and health and well-being.
Stolen Futures: The Stateless Children of Burmese Asylum Seekers. Refugees International page s . June 25, 2004. English . http://reliefweb.int/report/thailand/stolen-futures-stateless-children-burmese-asylum-seekers
"Refugees International therefore recommends that: - The Royal Thai Government grant citizenship to children born in Thailand and the Government of Burma grant citizenship to Burmese children who return without having obtained Thai citizenship. - The Royal Thai Government grant refugee status to all the legitimate asylum seekers. - The Royal Thai Government allow international organizations, especially the UNHCR and UNICEF, to provide full assistance to all refugees, asylum seekers, and stateless persons, especially children. - UNHCR and UNICEF continue to press the Royal Thai Government on the importance of providing stateless children access to education, health care, and adequate nutrition." - Publisher's description
This Web site can provide you with an overview of the quality of education in refugee camps in Thailand and remote areas of Burma.
Teaching Burmese Refugees...Connecting to What They Already Know. Conran, Laurel 3 page s . 2008 Winter-Spring. English . https://www.mdtesol.org/files/mdtesolnews-2008-spring.pdf
This article, featured in the journal Maryland TESOL News (found on p. 1 and continued on p. 5-6), briefly discusses background information on the qualifications of a refugee, how the U.S. determines eligibility, the steps involved in the resettlement process, and the resulting implications for the Burmese refugee children entering American schools and their new teachers. The article presents research on Burmese food, personal names, communication, body language, music, and dance.
The Karen People: Culture, Faith and History. Karen Buddhist Dhamma Dhutta Foundation 51 page s . 2010. English . http://www.karen.org.au/docs/Karen_people_booklet.pdf
This resource provides basic information about the Karen people and is primarily written for people in western countries who are working with Karen refugees but may also be useful for other people working with Karen people in Thailand or Burma. It includes sections on education, marriage, family life, and more.
This profile includes information on the Karenni refugees from Burma. Their Web site also includes photos and videos of this refugee group.
The Welcome Set. Cultural Orientation Resource (COR) Center 102 page s . 2004. Arabic Burmese Chin English Farsi Karen Kinyarwanda Nepali Russian Somali Swahili Vietnamese . http://www.culturalorientation.net/providing-orientation/toolkit/welcome
This welcome set and complementary DVD provide refugees being resettled in the United States with general information about services available to them during their first few months in the country. Newcomers to the U.S. get information about: (1) pre-arrival requirements, (2) services and accommodations provided by the resettlement agency; (3) temporary assistance offered by community service organizations, government assistance, and public services; (4) housing options as well as leasing and housing laws; (5) transportation; (6) employment; (7) public education; (8) health care; (9) money management; (10) refugees' rights and responsibilities; (11) basic American values, attitudes, and behavior; and (12) how to cope with culture shock and the stress of changing roles within families. With this information, refugees can develop realistic expectations of life in the U.S.
Understanding Acculturation Patterns of Burmese Refugee Children in U.S. Public Schools. Fraire, Stacie Jai 97 page s . August 2009. English . http://scholarsarchive.byu.edu/cgi/viewcontent.cgi?article=2813&context=etd
This resource details the acculturation process of the Burmese refugee students, the positive effect motivation has on the pace of acculturation, the impact of unfamiliar technology and language-based misunderstandings on the students' educational performance, the need to develop an individualized career plan for the student upon arrival, and the value of expanding the Burmese refugees' social networks. Though this thesis is fairly long, the "results" and "discussion" sections are well worth the read for busy teachers and service providers.
UNHCR Quick Fact Sheet: Burmese Resettlement from Tham Hin Camp in Thailand. UNHCR 4 page s . February 2007. English . http://www.lcfsrefugees.blogs.com/cultural_descriptions/UNHCR%20Quick%20Fact%20Sheet%20--%20%20Burmese.pdf
Provides background information on Myanmar (Burma), the living conditions in refugee camps, and the resettlement process.