Domestic Violence

Resources for Clients

  1. Centro de Recursos (Web site). JUCONI Foundation page s . 2010. Spanish . http://www.juconicomparte.org/index.php

    This New Resource Center, available in Spanish, currently has more than 500 electronic resources on the prevention, identification and timely response to intra-family violence and other topics related to child well-being. 

  2. Domestic Violence Brochure. U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants (USCRI) 2 page s . December 2015. Arabic Bosnian Burmese English Farsi French Hmong Karen Kirundi Russian Somali Spanish Swahili Vietnamese . http://refugees.org/research-reports/#tab-3

     This brochure provides information about what to do if you are being abused and information on domestic violence. Languages include: Arabic, Bosnian, Burmese, Farsi, French, Hmong, Karen, Kirundi, Russian, Spanish, Somali, Swahili, and Vietnamese.

  3. Domestic Violence in Muslim Communities (Web site). The Asian and Pacific Islander Institute page s . 2011. Arabic Bangla Dari English Farsi Hindi Indonesian Kurdish Malay Pashto Urdu . http://www.apiidv.org/violence/muslimwomen.php

    Muslim immigrants in the U.S. come from Central, East, South, Southeast, and West Asia (i.e. the Middle East). Resources include bibliographies on domestic violence, gender, and Muslim women, demographic and statistical data, a directory of domestic violence programs serving Muslim communities, a Fact Sheet: Domestic Violence in Muslim Communities, and select translated materials.

  4. Family Safety, Family Harmony: Information on Violence Against Women and the Law in Ontario. Muslim Family Safety Project 2 page s . 2007. Arabic Farsi French Somali Bosnian - Serbian - Croatian Urdu . http://www.lfcc.on.ca/MFSP_pamphlet.html

    This brochure provides information on the Islamic perspective on domestic violence, basic facts about domestic violence, relevant laws in Canada, immigration concerns, and safety issues. 

  5. Family Violence Intervention Program: A Domestic Violence Intervention Program for Georgia Refugees. Walker, B.J. , Cutter, Gwen-Dolyn 6 page s . n.d.. . http://v5.healthinschools.org/Immigrant-and-Refugee-Children/~/media/F3EA2F1D9B9B475F8971F6938208C541.ashx

    This short PowerPoint provides an overview of this domestic violence intervention program for Georgia's refugees, which includes services for perpetrators and victims. 

  6. Family Violence Prevention Fund (Web site). Family Violence Prevention Fund page s . N.D.. Arabic Chinese Korean Russian Spanish Tagalog Vietnamese . http://nnedv.org/resources/nationalorgs/9-fvpf.html

    The Family Violence Prevention Fund works to prevent violence within the home, and in the community, to help those whose lives are devastated by violence because everyone has the right to live free of violence. Their Web site has a whole section on immigrant women, which includes multilingual resources.

  7. Immigrant and Refugee Power and Control Wheel. Chomilo, Bri 1 page . June 2002. English . http://www.mincava.umn.edu/documents/immigrantwheel/immigrantwheel.html

    This graphic and accompanying blurb explains the problem of abuse against women, and provides examples of such abuse and what motivates it.

  8. Immigrant Women's Speakout Association (Web site). Immigrant Women's Speakout Association (IWSA) page s . 1985. English Arabic Chinese Korean Spanish Vietnamese Amharic Farsi Somali Thai Kurdish Turkish Dinka Indonesian Burmese Serbo-Croatian Dari Croatian . http://speakout.org.au/index.html

    IWSA is an organization seeking to alleviate the poverty and distress of migrant and refugee women, provide appropriate services to immigrant and refugee women in need (particularly those without any other avenues of assistance, those who are isolated, and those at risk of homelessness, abuse and ill health) and to assist immigrant and refugee women to achieve equal participation in society and the opportunity to express their own economic, political, social, religious, cultural and sexual identity.

    Their Web site includes many resources one can order including videos, domestic violence plays in community languages, multilingual information cards, and more.

  9. Kids and Domestic Violence: Diversity Training Project. Immigrant Women's Support Service page s . 2002. Indonesian Spanish Tagalog Vietnamese . http://www.iwss.org.au/information-in-your-language/

    This project is aimed at helping children come to terms with the effects of domestic violence and minimize its adverse consequences. This section of their Web site is designed to assist practitioners and non-abusive parents and care-givers to work with children who have experienced domestic violence. It has a particular focus on immigrant and refugee children. It contains a resource manual, a multilingual children's book, and work sheets in English and various other community languages. The resources can be downloaded and used directly with children, to help them express their concerns, fears and other feelings.

  10. Multilingual Access Project. Multilingual Access Project . 2006. English Chinese Korean Russian Spanish Tagalog Vietnamese Amharic Somali . http://www.map-seattle.org/

    "The Multicultural Access Project (MAP) seeks to reduce the number of, and tolerance to, domestic violence incidents in multi-ethnic and immigrant communities, and to increase the responsiveness of mainstream communities to battered women and families. MAP accomplishes this effort through cultural and linguistically appropriate outreach, education collaboration and advocacy." - Publisher's descripton This resource is available in English, Amharic, Chinese, Korean, Russian, Somali, Spanish, and Vietnamese.

  11. Muslim Power and Control Wheel. Alkhateeb, Sharifa 1 page . n.d.. . http://www.peacefulfamilies.org/dvwheel.html

    This is an adaptation of the Power and Control Wheel developed by the Domestic Abuse Intervention Program in Duluth, Minnesota. It is specifically for Muslims and includes sections on using intimidation; emotional abuse; isolation; minimizing, denying, and blaming; children; male privilege; economic abuse; and coercion and threats. 

  12. No One Has the Right to Hurt You, Even Someone You Love: Questions and Answers for Refugee Women. Refugee Health Section and Domestic Violence PP 2 page s . 2003. Armenian Cambodian Chinese English Farsi Hmong Kurdish Lao Russian Serbo-Croatian Somali Vietnamese . http://www.rhin.org/DocumentProperties.aspx?DocumentID=2117&RequestedLanguages=

    This English-language document defines domestic violence and provides safety information to immigrant women who may be subject to domestic violence. Using a question-and-answer format, it provides instructions for how to get out of a domestic violence situation and where to go for help. 

  13. Power and Control Wheel. Domestic Abuse Intervention Project 1 page . January 1, 1984. English . http://www.tahirih.org/wp-content/uploads/2015/06/Power-and-Control-Wheel.pdf

    This resource is a helpful diagram in understanding the overall pattern of abusive and violent behaviors used by a batterer to establish and maintain control over his partner.

  14. Rewa's Domestic Violence Program. Refugee Women's Alliance (ReWA) . 2006. . http://www.rewa.org/index.php?q=node/8

    "ReWA's Domestic Violence Program strives to increase the safety of women in every community. Through culturally and linguistically competent victim services, community referrals, comprehensive community education and support groups, ReWA works to reduce barriers facing refugee and immigrant victims of domestic violence and increase the well-being and safety of a vulnerable and isolated population."

    The Web site lists sexual assault videos and posters available in English, Amharic, Cambodian, Chinese, Russian, Somali, and Vietnamese.

  15. Teen Dating Violence Prevention Resource Guide. Children's Safety Network 12 page s . June 2015. English . http://www.childrenssafetynetwork.org/guides/teen-dating-violence-prevention-resource-guide

    This resource guide contains data, research articles, updates on policy and legislation, evidence-based prevention strategies, tools for program planning, and a list of national organizations that address teen dating violence. 

  16. The National Immigrant Family Violence Institute (Web site). The National Immigrant Family Violence Institute page s . n.d.. English . http://www.nifvi.org/

    The National Immigrant Family Violence Institute is composed of six immigrant-serving agencies from across the country, along with a research/evaluation program, dedicated to improving the lives of immigrants and their families in our local communities and across the U.S. For additional resources on this topic, see BRYCS' List of Highlighted Resources on Domestic Violence. 

  17. USCRI Healthy Living Toolkit. U.S. Committee for Refugees and Immigrants (USCRI) page s . 2008. Amharic Arabic Bosnian Burmese English Farsi French Haitian Creole Hmong Karen Kirundi Nepali Oromo Russian Somali Spanish Swahili Vietnamese . http://refugees.org/research-reports/

    The USCRI Healthy Living Toolkit is designed to educate refugees and immigrants to become proactive health consumers and promoters in their communities.  The toolkit presents material in a culturally appropriate manner and is intended to help health care-related professionals more effectively assist refugees and immigrants and reduce the health disparities among these populations (Description from source).

    Topics include: Communicable Diseases, Domestic Violence, Environmental Health, Health Care, Hygiene, Maternal and Child Health, Mental Health, Nutrition Related Diseases, Respiratory Diseases, and Women's Health.

  18. You Have a Right to Be Free from Violence in Your Home: Questions and Answers for Immigrant and Refugee Women. Family Violence Prevention Fund 2 page s . 2006. Arabic Chinese English Korean Russian Spanish Tagalog Vietnamese . https://secure3.convio.net/fvpf/site/Ecommerce/1250190726?VIEW_PRODUCT=true&product_id=1175&store_id=1241

    This multilingual brochure answers crucial questions such as "What is domestic violence?" and "What can I do?" and is appropriate to distribute to clients who are seeking information on domestic violence. 

RESOURCES FOR CLIENTS  |  RESOURCES FOR SERVICE PROVIDERS  |  BACK TO TOP

Resources for Service Providers

  1. Battered Mothers Involved With Child Protective Services: Learning From Immigrant, Refugee, and Indigenous Women’s Experiences. Enos, V. Pualani 103 page s . 2010. English . http://www.apiidv.org/files/Battered.Mothers.Involved.With.CPS-Report-APIIDV-2003%28Rev.2010%29.pdf

    This report presents findings from a project that investigated how child protective services (CPS) can be more responsive to families experiencing domestic violence, how domestic violence advocates can be more effective, and how the community can provide support to families involved with CPS.  This report was updated in 2010.

  2. Cultivating Evaluation Capacity: A Guide for Programs Addressing Sexual and Domestic Violence. VERA Institute of Justice page s . 2016. English . http://www.vera.org/project/cultivating-evaluation-capacity-sexual-domestic-violence-guide

    This guide helps domestic and sexual violence service providers prepare for evaluation efforts. In addition to the publication, Vera has created a new resource hub on its website to provide domestic and sexual violence service providers with access to five Webinars that explore a number of topics addressed in the guide—budgeting, choosing the right evaluator, how to overcome challenges—and provide an inside look at how organizations have applied these lessons in the field.

  3. Cultural Competence in Domestic Violence Services (Website). U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, Administration for Children & Families page s . n.d.. English . http://www.childwelfare.gov/systemwide/cultural/services/domviolence.cfm

    Domestic violence affects people regardless of race, ethnicity, class, sexual and gender identity, religious affiliation, age, immigration status, and ability. Because victims of domestic violence may experience the abuse in culturally specific ways, service providers should consider the cultural background and the unique issues faced by the victim and their children in order to tailor services to meet their needs. This section includes resources on providing culturally competent services to children, youth, and families who have been exposed to domestic violence. (Description of source)

  4. Cultural Issues Affecting Domestic Violence Service Utilization in Ethnic and Hard to Reach Populations. Senturia, Kirsten , Sullivan, Marianne , Ciske, Sandy 182 page s . 2000. English . http://www.ncjrs.gov/pdffiles1/nij/grants/185352.pdf

    Presents information on access to and satisfaction with domestic violence services and the cultural experience of domestic violence in specific ethnic and hard-to-reach populations. The project's recommendations ensure that refugee and immigrant populations receive more information on all aspects of U.S. law and government services related to DV and that ethnic and hard-to-reach populations have access to services to help them develop survival skills for independence, services that promote social support, affordable housing and adequate public transportation, and services for youth and children.

  5. Cultural Issues in Violence Against Women. Fontes, Lisa Aronson , McCloskey, Kathy 151-168 page s . 2010. This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    In this chapter, Fontes and McCloskey describe the different ways violence against women (VAW) manifests in the world's cultures, ranging from genital cutting to sexual assaults to intimate partner violence. They also offer suggestions for people who work on VAW issues with immigrants and refugees as to ways they can improve their ability to prevent and research violence among culturally diverse families.

  6. Culture and Domestic Violence. Coughlan, Jacquelyn page s . 2009. . http://www.ncdsv.org/images/culturedomesticviolencehandout.pdf

    This bibliography contains hundreds of journal articles and resources on culture and domestic violence.

  7. Domestic Violence in a Refugee Context. Gulf Coast Jewish Family & Community Services 4 page s . March 2013. English . https://gulfcoastjewishfamilyandcommunityservices.org/refugee/files/2013/03/Domestic-violence-in-a-refugee-context1.pdf

     An informational guide on domestic violence in refugee context, including how to recognize and approach domestic violence as wells as how to provide assistance to victims.

  8. Domestic Violence Infographic. University of New England page s . October 2015. English Spanish . http://socialwork.une.edu/resources/infographics/domestic-violence-infographic/

    This infographic from the University of New England presents startling statistics on domestic violence in English and in Spanish.

  9. Domestic Violence: Does the African Context Demand a Different Approach?. Bowman, Cynthia Grant 473-491 page s . 2003. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    Examines what role mental health intervention may play in the African context. Using the United States as a point of comparison, this article discusses the particular context in which partner abuse takes place in Africa in order to explore the remedial strategies that are appropriate there.

  10. Domestic/Intimate Partner Violence Overview of Info Guide- Programs, Policies, and Partnerships. Gulf Coast Jewish Family & Community Services 6 page s . August 24, 2016. English . https://gulfcoastjewishfamilyandcommunityservices.org/refugee/files/2012/07/Domestic-Violence-InfoGuide-FINAL.pdf

    This resource from the National Partnership for Community Training (NPCT) defines domestic violence, and offers tips on how to initiate an ongoing dialogue among staff as well as how to create a safe space for clients and staff

  11. Double Risk: Immigrant Mothers, Domestic Violence and Public Child Welfare. Earner, Ilze 288-293 page s . 2010. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    "This paper examines the experiences of Mexican immigrant mothers living in New York City who become involved with public child welfare services because of domestic violence and makes recommendations for evaluation of program services to immigrant mothers. A case study and the results of a focus group interview will be presented to illustrate the often conflicting cultural, social and political issues confronted by immigrant mothers as they negotiate the organization of services designed to address specific forms of domestic violence, i.e., the protection of children and the protection of women." Description from source

  12. Ethnic and Cultural Specificities of Domestic Violence: A Research and Clinical Discourse with Reference to the Vietnamese Emigrant Community. Phan, Tuong Thi 187-197 page s . 1996. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    Domestic violence has been established as a common phenomenon among the human race. With this view, there has been an influencing notion that socio-cultural backgrounds, particularly in relation to family discipline and gender relation substantially influence ways in which people view and respond to domestic violence. Although effects of culture on family discipline and gender relation have been widely acknowledged, but amongst many initiatives in the area of domestic violence, few have focused on ethnic and cultural specificities of domestic violence occurrence amongst individual immigrant community such as Vietnamese-speaking. This paper examines the social and politico-historical factors of the Vietnamese refugee-immigrantswhich might affect their views and practice of family discipline and patterns of organised domestic life. The Vietnamese traditional view of family discipline and the author's on-site experiences in transcultural consultancy and psychiatric nursing are central to this paper's discourse. The social norms of Vietnamese family discipline and domestic organisation drawn from this insider approach-based discourse serve as a stepping stone for future nursing research and clinical studies.

  13. For Us It Is Like Living in the Dark: Ethiopian Women's Experiences With Domestic Violence. Yasui, Miwa , Dishion, Thomas J. 922-940 page s . 2005. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    This article discusses the experiences of domestic violence among Ethiopian refugees and immigrants in the United States. A subset of the larger study sample participated in three focus groups with Amharic-speaking survivors of domestic violence who were currently in or had left abusive relationships. The research was conducted through a public health department, University, andcommunity agency partnership. Findings show domestic violence as taking place within a context of immigration, acculturation, and rapid changes in family and social structure. Participants expressed a need for language and culture-specific domestic violence support and advocacy as well as education programs regarding U.S. laws and resources.

  14. Gaining Cultural Competency: Issues of Domestic Violence in the Somali Immigrant Community. Boehm, Deborah , Coplin, Heidi . 2004. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    This video is intended to teach health care providers about domestic violence in the Somali immigrant community.

  15. Immigration Relief for Victims of Abuse and Domestic Violence: Practioner's Guide to Serving Non-Citizens. Centre County Women’s Resource Center (CCWRC) , Penn State Law’s Center for Immigrants’ Rights 46 page s . July 2012. English . https://pennstatelaw.psu.edu/_file/Immigrants/toolkit2012/Handbook.pdf

    This handbook outlines immigration remedies for non-citizen victims of domestic violence and sexual assault. It is intended to aid attorneys who typically practice family law and have experience working with domestic violence victims. The handbook hopes to aid such practitioners in expanding their services to those victims who also need legal help with their immigration issues.(Description from source)

  16. Innovative Strategies to Address Domestic Violence in Asian and Pacific Islander Communities: Examining Themes, Models and Interventions. Kim, Mimi 44 page s . February 2010. English . http://www.apiidv.org/files/Innovative.Strategies.Rpt-APIIDV-2002%28Rev.2010%29.pdf

    This report explores emerging practices that address domestic violence in Asian and Pacific Islander communities.

  17. Intimate Partner Violence in Immigrant and Refugee Communities: Challenges, Promising Practices and Recommendations. Family Violence Prevention Fund 66 page s . 2009. . http://www.futureswithoutviolence.org/userfiles/file/ImmigrantWomen/IPV_Report_March_2009.pdf

    This document describes intimate partner violence (IPV) in immigrant and refugee communities in the United States. IPV is a widespread, costly, and complex social problem nationwide, with serious health and safety implications. When IPV occurs in immigrant and refugee communities, additional challenges and complexities make it especially difficult to address. This paper examines the issue from a variety of standpoints, including the legal rights and practical challenges facing immigrant and refugee victims of violence, the ways systems are responding, and the promising practices that offer hope for these women, many of whom would otherwise remain in grave and persistent peril.

  18. Islam and Domestic Violence. Mission of Hope 2 page s . N.D.. This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    This handout provides brief information on what Islam says about domestic violence as well as well as the types of domestic violence and the effects on women and children.

  19. Learning from the Experiences of Battered Immigrant, Refugee and Indigenous Women Involved with Child Protective Services to Inform a Dialogue among Domestic Violence Activists and Advocates. Enos, V. Pualani 103 page s . July 2003. English . http://www.ncdsv.org/images/APIIDV-etal_Learn-from-Exp-of-Battered-Immigrant-Refugee-Indigenous-Women_7-2003.pdf

    The goal of this action research effort is to share the voices of immigrant, refugee and indigenous women who are survivors of intimate partner abuse and who have been involved with child protective services, in order to inform and facilitate the development of policies, practices and interventions that will more effectively address the physical, emotional and spiritual health of individuals, families and communities.

  20. Model Protocol on Services for Limited English Proficient Immigrant and Refugee Victims of Domestic Violence. Patterson, Lupita 27 page s . 2002. . http://www.vawnet.org/summary.php?doc_id=3905&find_type=web_sum_GC

    The goal of this protocol and policy model is to support domestic violence agencies in the state of Washington to increase and extend their services to immigrant women whose first language is not English. The statutes mentioned in this protocol (e.g., Title VI) are mandates which recipients of federal funds must adhere to and should be a part of agency policy. However, some of the procedures may not be attainable or practical for every program, although they are an ideal to which programs should aspire.-Publisher's description

  21. Overcoming a Violent Past: Understanding the Prevalence of Domestic Violence in Post Conflict Communities. Chaudhry, Serena page s . 2016. English . https://gulfcoastjewishfamilyandcommunityservices.org/refugee/2012/02/01/serena-chaudhrys-webinar-on-overcoming-a-violent-past-understanding-the-prevalence-of-domestic-violence-in-post-conflict-communities/

    This webinar will explore how the violence experienced and witnessed abroad integrates itself into the day-to-day lives of refugees, asylum seekers and torture survivors in the United States. The presenter, Serena Chaudhry, will use a case example to explain how the resettlement process can present increased challenges for the structure and well-being of the family.  At the end of the webinar participants will be able to identify commonly associated symptoms such as depression and anxiety, be introduced to possible interventions and learn how to facilitate a cross-cultural conversation regarding domestic violence. Description taken from source.

  22. Preventing Partner Violence in Refugee and Immigrant Communities. Uehling, Greta , Bouroncle, Alberto , Roeber, Carter 2 page s . October 2011. English . http://www.fmreview.org/technology/uehling-et-al.html

    This article shows that sexual and gender-based violence does not necessarily stop after resettlement; for some, that may be when it starts. (Description from source)

  23. Understanding Children, Immigration, and Family Violence: A National Examination of the Issues. Learning Systems Group (LSG),Family Violence Prevention Fund (FVPF) 24 page s . September 2005. English . http://www.brycs.org/documents/upload/immigrationDV.pdf

    Understanding Children, Immigration, and Family Violence, a collaboration between Learning Systems Group (LSG) and Family Violence Prevention Fund (FVPF), seeks to enhance services for immigrant children and families affected by domestic violence. The issues and recommendations articulated in this report summarize the findings from interviews with practitioners, researchers, and experts across the country. BRYCS representatives Julianne Duncan, Lyn Morland and Laura Schmidt participated on this National Workgroup. The report identifies challenges and opportunities in reaching out to and delivering services to immigrant children and families affected by domestic violence, best practices in serving them, and policy implications for the work. CONTENTS NATIONAL WORKGROUP INTRODUCTION BACKGROUND Domestic violence Immigrant and Refugee Families in the United States Types of Immigration Status Impact of Domestic Violence on Adult and Child Victims The Response to Domestic Violence STRENGTHS AND CHALLENGES FACED BY IMMIGRANT CHILDREN AND FAMILIES AND THE COMMUNITIES THAT SERVE THEM Strengths Challenges BEST PRACTICE RECOMMENDATIONS POLICY IMPLICATIONS Policy Recommendations Evaluation Additional Recommendations for FVPSA State Administrators RESOURCES National Organizations Training Resources Selected Programs Serving Immigrant Children Affected by Domestic Violence ENDNOTES

  24. Understanding Domestic Violence Resource Utilization and Survivor Solutions Among Immigrant and Refugee Women. Bhuyan, Rupaleem , Senturia, Kirsten 895-901 page s . August 2005. English . http://jiv.sagepub.com/content/20/8/895.full.pdf

    This issue includes an analysis of the participatory action research process, in addition to four articles that delve into the specific results for women in the Russian-speaking, Vietnamese, Cambodian, and Ethiopian groups. Each of the articles in this issue examines the specific cultural context in which domestic violence occurs, and the survivors' responses that are framed by that unique context. Although there are similarities between groups and crosscutting themes across ethnicities, each community revealed particular details that make the women's experience unique. -Description from source  

  25. Understanding the Role of Culture in Domestic Violence: The Ahimsa Project for Safe Families. Christiansen, Jeanne , Christiansen, James L. , Howard, Marilyn 9 page s . January 2006. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    "The Ahimsa for Safe Families Project is an innovative collaborative project that addresses domestic violence in immigrant and refugee communities in San Diego. Here the authors describe the Project’s needs assessment and community dialogues that guided the development of specific interventions; present the lessons learned; and describe replicable, culturally specific prevention strategies utilized by the Project." Description from source

  26. Violence Against Immigrant Women: The Roles of Culture, Context, and Legal Immigrant Status on Intimate Partner Violence. Raj, Anita , Silverman, Jay 367-398 page s . 2002. English This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    Reviews the literature in the fields of law, medicine, and social science on the topic of violence against immigrant women perpetrated by their intimate partners. The literature search reveals that intimate-partner violence against immigrant women has reached astounding levels. Moreover, a woman's cultural background and legal status may serve to increase her vulnerability to abuse, embolden her batterer, and create a barrier to seeking and receiving help. Immigrant women often find themselves living within conflicting cultures; when and if they challenge traditional roles within the family, it may be acceptable, within their culture of origin, for their partners to discipline them using physical force. The likelihood of abuse also increases with the social isolation of immigrant women, language barriers, lack of education and job skills, and immigrant status, with non-citizen and undocumented women being particularly at risk. Many abused immigrant women do not report the domestic violence they have experienced for fear of bringing shame on the family, risking deportation, or generating criticism of their culture or country of origin. Community education, tailored to specific cultures and involving community-based organizations and leaders, is necessary to protect immigrant battered women.

  27. What Islam Says About Domestic Violence: A Guide for Helping Muslim Families. Alwani, Zainab , Abugideiri, Salma 63 page s . 2003. This resource may be free from your local library or purchased from the publisher.

    This guide is written for anyone working in the area of domestic violence: advocates, police officers, mental health workers, shelter staff, medical providers, lawyers, etc.  It was written as a result of many questions and concerns presented by workers who deal with Muslim women and families.  This guide is an attempt to explain the perspective of the religion of Islam on the issue of domestic violence. 

  28. Working with Immigrants and Refugees. Promising Futures page s . 2016. English . http://promising.futureswithoutviolence.org/interventions-for-children/special-populations/working-with-immigrants-and-refugees/

    Promising Futures provides helpful links and resources for working with immigrant and refugee families to ensure you as a provider, have a clear understanding of all family members' perspectives and experiences with violence.